WWF traži stručnjaka/stručnjakinju za procenu prirodnih resursa i društveno-ekonomske situacije
WWF is looking for a socio-economic and natural resource management specialist who will be in charge of conducting the assessment on socio-economic situation and natural resources in fishing communities in East Serbia (Prahovo and Radujevac villages, Negotic municipality as a district center). The specialist will mainly have the responsibilities detailed and described within the provided Terms of Reference. The position is opened within the LIFE15 GIE/AT001004 project “Sustainable protection of lower Danube sturgeons by preventing and counteracting poaching and illegal wildlife trade”.
ABOUT THE PROJECT
Sturgeons are the most threatened animals worldwide. Of the five surviving species in the Danube basin, four are listed as Critically Endangered. Population trends for all species are decreasing. The Project aims to contribute to the survival, recovery, and long-term protection from illegal fishing and trade of five sturgeon species that are still found in the lower Danube and north-western Black Sea region (all of which are “species of Community interest” in the EU Habitats Directive).
Objective 1: By 2020, law enforcement is implemented more effectively through enhanced capacity and practical knowledge of authorities and higher acceptance – and consequently compliance – by stakeholders to achieve a long-term reduction of illegal sturgeon fishing and trade in the lower Danube region.
Objective 2: By 2020, targeted fishing communities take ownership for sturgeon conservation and are willing and able to use alternative income sources to compensate profits from sturgeon fishing and to give stocks a break to recover.
Objective 3: By 2020, the availability of legal and illegal sturgeon products on the market is better known and under stronger surveillance by authorities, and respective retailers are aware of legislation and enabled to prevent illegal products from reaching the market.
SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND NATURAL RESOURCE ASSESSMENT
Poor livelihood and lack of paid jobs are a general problem in most fishing areas along the Danube. The difficult economic situation is a major driver for illegal fishing and trade. It is therefore an urgent requirement to actively support fishing communities in opening opportunities for alternative and legal income.
For that reason, a main part of the project (Objective 2) is the assistance for targeted fishing communities in identifying and accessing funding sources and in developing new skills and business opportunities to build up a more sustainable and resource efficient local economy. Depending on the individual circumstances, different approaches will be applied. These can include tourism and gastronomy, merchandising of fish or fisheries products (where other fish is still abundant), production or selling of traditional goods (honey, jam, reed or leather products, etc).
A first step towards the development of the business plans is the assessment of the socioeconomic situation and natural resource base of targeted fishing communities, which would allow for a better understanding of the needs and resources available to develop alternative activities and for the design of relevant, actionable, and sustainable livelihoods strategies.
Specific objectives of the assessment
To create in-depth knowledge of the socio-economic circumstances in selected fishing communities in Serbia (Prahovo and Radujevac villages below the Iron Gate dams), including aspects related to: age groups, levels of education, resources of economic revenues, ownership of household assets, gender roles, opportunities and barriers to alternative income generation, among others.
To provide a thorough understanding of the natural resource base in selected fishing communities in Serbia (Prahovo and Radujevac villages below the Iron Gate dams), including aspects of governance, availability, and access.
To identify potential partners and funding options for future business plan in targeted fishing communities.
Geographical scope of the assessment
The consultant is expected to focus on the communities of Prahovo and Radujevac villages below the Iron Gate dams in Serbia, clearly using a statistically relevant sampling design. However, wider area including neighboring communities, Negotin municipality and the region of eastern Serbia should be considered where relevant.
Content scope of the assessment
The consultant is expected to: assess the social and economic conditions of members of fishing communities that (used to) fish sturgeons; analyze the natural resource base (availability, access, governance) in target communities; analyze potential partners (socio-economic organisations) and potential funding options to support the development of alternative income.
In analyzing the socio-economic status the following will be considered, among others:
- Age structure
- Family/ household size
- Education levels and literacy rates in fishing communities;
- Levels of socio-economic vulnerability in the target communities, measured through indicators such as access to basic needs and services (food, health, water and sanitation, education), as well as other locally- relevant indicators to measure socio-economic vulnerability;
- Sources of income and income stability throughout the year (at household and community level), gender-disaggregated if possible (women, men, youth); percentage of income coming from fishing (at household and community level), gender-disaggregated if possible (women, men, youth);
- Gender roles (women, men, and youth) in fishery and gender-specific activities in the household and community;
- Types and ownership structure of productive assets (house, land, boats, etc.) at household and community level;
- Social capital in the community, measured through variables such as: degrees of association, cooperation, trust among community members, existence of networking and collaborative initiatives within the target communities; existence of opinion leader in the community;
- Availability of and access of fishing community members to infrastructure, including marketing infrastructure (roads, specialty shops, restaurants, hotels);
- Knowledge and perceptions of and attitudes towards: existing sturgeon stocks, sturgeon fishing and bans, sturgeon conservation, alternative income development, among others.
In analyzing the natural resources base in the target communities the following aspects will be tackled, among others:
- Current fish stocks, reed, arable land, livestock, fruits, etc., looking at traditional as well as other possible sustainable future uses (including potential uses for handicrafts or nature based or rural tourism);
- Focus on availability, access, and governance aspects of above-mentioned (and other) natural resources;
- In analyzing the natural resource base, assess supply chains and niche markets for products/services (including cross-border markets, if the case).
- Examine the potential role of women and youth to engage in alternative income development from managing natural resources sustainably.
This study will clearly show the household-, community-, and institutional- level barriers to alternative income development in fishing communities and the opportunities that can be leveraged on in implementing the proposed interventions.
The position is suitable for any person with qualifications in providing analytical research in the field of socio-economic development and natural resource governance and management. The following specific qualifications must be met:
- Relevant academic background (graduate qualification as minimum) in conservation-related research in the fields of sustainable and socio- economic development, environmental management, and other related fields;
- Proven experience in undertaking studies of similar or related development programs;
- Knowledge, understanding, and practical implementation of participatory research techniques – both quantitative and qualitative and survey methodology;
- Solid analytical and conceptual skills and the ability to think creatively;
- Attention to detail with ability and sense to synthesize large data and paint a coherent overall picture;
- Knowledge and understanding of current issues related to fishing communities and fisheries in Serbia is considered as advantage;
- Proof of experience in and reputation for quality data analysis and producing high quality technical reports;
- Knowledge of English language (needed for communication with Project team and for developing the summary and conclusions of the report in English);
- Ability to provide reports in English is considered as advantage;
- Computer literacy;
- Cultural awareness and sensitivity to gender issues.
Qualified candidates are requested to submit the following documents in English or Serbian or one of local languages:
- Letter of interest indicating motivation and availability;
- CV including references and proof or academic qualification;
- Copy of previously undertaken studies of similar or related development programs;
- Proposed methodology of work and description of expected results;
- Financial proposal indicating budget description.
Please note that only shortlisted candidates will be contacted, and incomplete applications will not be considered.